Little Bobby Tables
|Little Bobby Tables|
|First appearance||327: Exploits of a Mom|
Robert'); DROP TABLE students;--, nicknamed Little Bobby Tables, is the youngest son of elite hacker Mrs. Roberts. His elder sister is Help I'm stuck in a driver's license factory Elaine Roberts.. His "full" name is known to cause problems with some computers. When he was first enrolled in school (327: Exploits of a Mom), it exploited a vulnerability in the parsing of student's names into the school's student database resulting in the school losing all the student records for the year.
In SQL, commands are separated by semicolons
; and data is often quoted using single quotes
'. Commands may also be enclosed in parentheses
). Data is stored in tables of similar items (e.g.
students) and individual entries are "rows" in the table. To delete an entire table (and every row of data in that table), you use the command
DROP TABLE students). The
-- represents the start of a SQL comment which ensures that the rest of the command is ignored so an error will not occur.
The exploited vulnerability is that the single quote in the name input was not properly "escaped" by the software. Thus, when the name is embedded into some SQL statement, the quote is erroneously parsed as a closing quote inside that statement, rather than being parsed as part of the name. Lack of such escaping is a common SQL vulnerability; this type of exploit is referred to as SQL injection.
The name Bobby Tables inspired a website, bobby-tables.com, a guide for beginning programmers to learn the right way to avoid SQL injection in their code..
 Real Life occurrence
In French-speaking countries, apostrophes are a common character in street names. More often than not, Frenchmen (or Luxembourgers, or Belgians, ...) unwittingly trigger SQL injection bugs when trying to order something from a US shop. In Italy, they are often part of town names, too (e.g. L'Aquila).